Sunday, April 26, 2009

The Alchemical Romance of The Fifth Element

Like The Matrix, the 1997 film The Fifth Element mines the feverishly imaginative world of comic books. But whereas The Matrix derives from Marvel Comics and manga, The Fifth Element draws its visual punch from French comics, formally known as bande desinee (BD), familiar to readers of the American magazine Heavy Metal, which reprints a great deal of comics from Europe. Bande desinee is, like manga, a medium and not a genre. Any number of types of stories are produced, usually in hardcover oversized albums. But the most familiar form of BD to American readers are the kinds of outrageous and decadent science fiction yarns serialized in French magazines like Pilote and Metal Hurlant. These sci-fi stories are characterized by lavish, nearly-baroque art and design, and a narrative sensibility that emphasizes sophomoric nihilism, sadistic violence and decadent sex.

The dizzying visual imagination of the BD sci-fi subculture is mirrored in The Fifth Element . In fact, Besson enlisted one of BD’s premier talents, Jean Giraud, to forge the visual look of the film. Giraud is known to BD readers by his pen names ‘Gir’ and ‘Moebius.’ As Gir, he has drawn the long-running adventures of the Western hero, Lieutenant Blueberry. And as Moebius, he illustrated a large body of science fiction stories, often in collaboration with Alejandro Jodorowsky, the South American filmmaker best known for his films El Topo and Santa Sangre.

Giraud’s own work is also of a distinctly spiritual bent, but defining the precise nature of that spirituality is often elusive. Moebius is (or was) the follower of a French New Age guru named Jean Paul Appel Guery, who changed the course of Moebius’ work from dystopian sci-fi to incredibly opaque new age sci-fi. Moebius has also worked on several sci-fi/fantasy films, including Alien, Willow and The Abyss.

Besson also enlisted the visual talents of another French legend for The Fifth Element. Jean Paul Gaultier, the fashion maestro best known for his work with Madonna, designed many of the sexually-provocative costumes for the film, and gave the film a distinctly decadent and androgynous sheen.

The plot of The Fifth Element. concerns a struggle between the forces of good, here in the form of the alien Mondoshawans and their human accomplices; and the forces of evil, represented by a malevolent Death Star-like planet (known only a “Mister Shadow”) and its alien and human enablers. Gary Oldman, scenery-chewer extraordinaire, plays Zorg, an evil weapons manufacturer who works in concert with the alien Mangalores to help make manifest the destruction of earth by this ultimate Evil.

The Mondoshawans send their champion, the so-called “Supreme Being”, to Earth to help destroy the Ultimate Evil, but the Mangalores shoot down their ship before it can reach the Earth. A salvage team is sent to the crash site (which is on a moon) and a piece of a arm is recovered, which turns out to be from the Supreme Being. The severed limb is brought to Earth and through DNA something-or-other is reconstituted into an intact replication of the supreme one. Happily, it transpires than underneath their bulky and cartoonish armor, the Mondoshawans look like hot, young, naked supermodels. Hence LeeLoo, the reconstructed supreme being, is played by hot, young, naked supermodel Milla Jovovich.

However, LeeLoo freaks out when she is reborn, busts out of her rebirthing chamber and ends up in the care of soldier-turned-cabbie Korben Dallas (played by Bruce Willis). At her urging, Dallas then brings Leeloo to the priest Father Cornelius, played by Ian Holm. Cornelius is part of a hereditary line of priests that do the Mondoshawan’s bidding in protecting the Earth.

What must be done next is to recover the ritual stones symbolizing the four elements and get LeeLoo to Egypt post-haste, in order to perform the ritual that will repel and destroy “Mister Shadow." However, the stones are being kept by an alien chanteuse on a galactic pleasure cruiser halfway across the galaxy. Hence, Dallas, Cornelius and LeeLoo rocket out to the cruiser to recover the stones. Along the way, LeeLoo immerses herself in human lore and language, with the aid of a laptop computer supplied to her by Father Cornelius. The messianic troupe also make the acquaintance of a maniacally-epicene galactic talk show host named Ruby Rhod, played by Chris Tucker.

Along the way they are countered by Zorg and his Mangalores cohorts. All sorts of mayhem ensues, and the alien singer protecting the stones is killed by the Mangalores. As she lays dying, she tells Dallas that the stones are located inside her body, and Dallas must pull them out of her corpse. Zorg is also after the stones, but is ultimately destroyed by a bomb he places on the cruiser (literally ‘hoisted on his own petard’, you might say). Dallas, Cornelius and LeeLoo escape just in the nick of time and return to Earth to perform the ritual.

The trip back seems to be going well until LeeLoo stumbles across the subject of war in her humanities studies. She is so driven to despair by visions of man’s inhumanity to man that she is unable to perform the ritual. The stones are put into place, but the Fifth Element isn’t activated. Cornelius reckons that LeeLoo needs a first hand lesson in the ways of love to ease her despair over man’s barbarism, so he orders Dallas to have a snog with her. Dallas and LeeLoo neck and the Evil Planet something-or -other is destroyed in an orgasmic burst. The film ends as Korben and LeeLoo enjoy a hearty shag in a sarcophagus-type reactor chamber in a Nucleo Lab, as the President of the Earth and a worldwide television audience look on.


Aside from the obvious comic book, action movie and Solar ritual drama motifs, Besson seems to borrow heavily from Alchemical symbolism. Or, more precisely, Jungian interpretation of Alchemical symbolism. That final scene where Korben and LeeLoo copulate in the reactor chamber while the lord of Earth look on is directly taking it cues from three of the pivotal stages of Alchemist’s so-called “Chemical Marriage” process.

As depicted in numerous Alchemical texts like the Mutus Liber, the Chemical Marriage is a process in which the Sun (represented by a king), and the Moon (represented by a queen) are reunited into a single primevel being, the Royal Hermaphrodite, or the Rebis. In some texts the King and Queen copulate in a chamber filled with Mercurial water ( water collected from the morning dew), in others they commingle in a furnace.

Another product of this Royal Copulation is the Lapis, otherwise known as the Philosopher’s Stone. The Philosopher’s Stone is the device the Alchemists beleived could transform base metals into gold. This fabled Stone is now familiar to hundreds of millions of people the world over thanks to the Harry Potter novels.

Alchemy is the most arcane of ancient sciences, and since the Alchemists deliberately obscured their teachings either in wordless books or in arcane symbols, scholars disagree as to their meaning. Was the Chemical Wedding purely symbolic and spiritual, or was it some arcane recounting of an actual process? My vote is for the latter, but no one can say for sure. Carl Jung thought it was a metaphor for a person’s “individuation process” where the two halves of human nature- spiritual and rational- are conjouned.

However much Alchemy is scoffed at today, in many ways it was the forerunner of modern chemistry, and had a huge influence on modern medicine as well. Sir Issac Newton, arguably the most important scientific thinker in history, was obsessed with the alchemical arts. When Sir Issac wasn’t discovering the laws of gravity or inventing calculus or revolutionizing the study of Astronomy, he busied himself amassing England’s largest Alchemical library and conducting Alchemical experiments.

The language of Alchemy is the crux of The Fifth Element. The Alchemists believed that all matter was composed of four fundamental elements- Earth, Air, Water and Fire.

Some historians that the word "Alchemy" itself is derived from Al Khemiya which in turn is derived from Kemet (“the black land”), the name the ancient Egyptians new themselves by. ”Egypt” is a Greek name given to Kemet by the Macedonian Ptolemaic dynasty, and derives from aigis or “shield.”

The etymology of the word “Alchemy” is directly referenced by the location of the Mondoshawan temple in Egypt. And again, the use of the four elements is drawn from Alchemic arts. And the “Fifth Element” is not LeeLoo alone, but the by-product of the Coninunctio, or the Chemical Wedding between Korben and LeeLoo.

Their make-out session overseen by the priests in the Mondoshawan temple was their nuptials, and the episode in the rebirthing chamber was their royal consumation. The kings, queens and princes of the Earth are their to witness their apotheosis, which signifies the supreme status of the Alchemical arts in this ritual drama.

Not surprisingly, this Alchemical ritual drama is rife with Solar imagery. The big baddie, Mister Shadow in the tale is depicted as a Black Sun, a burning orb that gives no light nor heat. In other words, a spiritual force that exists only to serve its own needs, and possesses neither love nor compassion. It is pure, elemental Evil. It’s a sun that gives off light instead of shadow. It’s accomplice, Zorg, is a disciple of Evil. He believes that destruction and warfare are necessary facets of existance, and that personal enrichment is the highest good.

In the Alchemical Wedding drama of The Fifth Element, Korben is the Sun King and LeLoo is the Moon Queen. Leeloo herself represents the prima materia of the Alchemical grail quest.

LeeLoo is reconstructed from a genetic fragment recovered from the Mondoshawan ship, which crashed on a barren and dusty moon. The moon, being traditionally untouched by man, is thereby a source of the prima materia , or the “untouched matter” which the Alchemists sought to transform into gold. The Moon also reflects the Sun, which accounts for the solar touches in LeeLoo’s outfit.

Korben is a depicted as deactivated soldeier from an elite military order. Exactly which order Korben serived is no mystery to those familiar with medieval or military iconography. When we first meet Korben in his small, Spartan apartment we see has a golden trophy adorned with the Templar cross (00:18:27) And in a nod to Horus, Korben’s never-seen mother complains that she has left him 17 messages on his answering machine in the same scene.

Finally, the Mondoshawan priests dress in red and gold robes, and their Egyptian origin and extraterrestrial and godly alliances links them with the Shemsu Hor, the priest kings who ruled Ancient Egypt when the Netjer, or gods, returned to the Heavens. The Shemsu Hor are traditionally believed to be the guardians of the sacred arts, not the least of which is Alchemy.


  1. Very interesting and pertinent since I am currently reading Jung's Mysterium Coniunctionus. I also bought the 5th Element DVD awhile back because I suspected that it was rife with hidden meaning. The mating of the 4 elements via the solar/lunar to create the 5th Element (lapis philisophorum) was the dead giveaway. It is becoming more apparent that there are tons of movies with characters acting out archetypal roles and concealing the esoteric meaning to the few. For "alchemical" movies, the hidden meaning itself is even more legitimized since that is another aspect of the Al-Khemical format; to remain a mystery only revealed to the seeker. I have a fairly massive collection of Manly P. Hall audio lectures covering much of Alchemy. I'm curious to see how that differs from Jung's work; word on the street says they co-mingled a bit in Hall's library.

  2. Could LeeLoo's bright red hair be significant as it relates to the Egyptian motif in the film? The Egyptian royal line was meant to have many red-headed monarchs, particularly the women if I remember correctly. They wore black wigs to blend in.
    Perhaps it represents a certain line not native to Egypt. There were a lot of invader Pharonic lines.

  3. I'd heard of Fifth Element, but wasn't too keen on seeing it; it struck me as having an overly-fanstastic and hipper-than thou air. Now I'm intrigued by its symbolism and "Supreme Being."

    LeeLoo... what is it about names that have two syllables, both starting with L and followed by vowels, connoting sexuality. Off the top of my head, there's Marlene Dietrich as Lola Lola (which Madonna likes to reference), Frank Wedekind's Lulu in his plays Earth Spirit and Pandora's Box (smashed together into Alban Berg's eponymous opera), and Lolita of Vladimir Nabokov (and Stanley Kubrick). Of course, the wags in the media love to condense Lindsay Lohan's name into "LiLo." Maybe it all goes back to Lillith?

    Even so, "Lillith" doesn't answer the question as to why double L names connote sexuality... at least that which usually comes to a bad end in Western culture. We just seem to know so instinctively. To some degree, might Chomskyan linguistics point to an explanation?

    The description of the Fifth Element finale reminds me of the conclusion from the black sheep James Bond/007 film Moonraker, where Bond and his CIA partner Holly Goodhead (groan) attempt "re-entry" (double-o groan) on a space shuttle after blowing up the villain's lair in outer space; it ends up being broadcast for all the world to see. Despite the Bond girl's last name being a bit of a groaner, it's rather interesting in this context; just drop one "o" and you get "godhead." (Or, for that matter, drop one "l" from Holly, and you get "holy.") The alchemical convergence of the erotic and the holy is complete.

    (Bonus trivia: James Mason was almost cast as the villain in Moonraker.)


  4. To quote Mark Stavish and Jean Dubuis of the French Alchemical group PON (The Philosophers of Nature)...
    "Laboratory alchemists cautiously point out that despite his contributions, and the critical aspect of psychological work in alchemy, Jung is not considered a real alchemist.

    According to Dubuis, and others, for alchemy to be real alchemy, it must work on all levels of creation - spiritual, mental, emotional, and physical. While one or more can be left out and a transmutation of some sort effected, the results are not considered to be alchemical."

    "This gold is our male, and it is sexually joined to a more crude white gold -- the female seed: the two together being indissolubly united, constitute our fruitful Hermaphrodite." - Philalethes

    An Alchemical Marriage is the marriage of the quaternary of the elements Fire, Air, Water, and Earth, and the principal ternary Sulphur, Mercury, and Salt.


  5. Thank you, Chris, thank you for writing this wonderful article. But what even many a Jungian doesn't Gno is that Jung actually channelled one of the great Gnostic thinkers, Basilledes, even having compiled these channelings into a book, The Seven Sermons to the Dead. Highly recommended.

  6. As an addendum to my previous, the review of Stephan A Hoeller's "The Gnostic Jung & the 7 Sermons to the Dead" can be accessed here. Hoeller, it is interesting to note, is a bishop in the Gnostic church, Ecclesia Gnostica.

  7. I too have a collection of Manley P, Hall's books. So to be a fruitfull result of the magical sex act,the sexes are merged in one,god like being? Or is it the moment of release(little death) that communes with the holy? Thank you Anadae Effro for the links. I thought the movie was a bit loonie years ago. Must see it again for the precious synchs. Shine forth brave Gnostic souls! Dennis from Oregon

  8. Awesome, guys- I'm in the middle of a monster Secret Sun post, but I definitely want to get back to your comments. I knew you'd like this one.

  9. on the cover of the book of enoch, er, usa today for april 21-24, theres headline reading something like, "with the emergence of pro football, HYBRID players flourish!" Nephilim in the house!

  10. Jason - neat Moonraker observations there...

  11. It's been many years since I saw Moonraker, and I hadn't considered it in mystical terms until yesterday.

    As most Bond fans know, it's considered one of the worst due to its (relatively) implausible plot, and that it was capitalizing on the popularity of Star Wars. But then, what if it's one of those films where synchromystical Easter eggs are hiding in plain sight, under the guise of a "bad movie" (which still raked in lots of money at the box office).

    I'm becoming convinced that Bond films are more "tuned in" than one might realize initially. I've commented before about Goldfinger. Upon reflection, there seems to be quite a bit quasi-alchemical (or at least tranformational) mojo peppered throughout the film.


  12. Ryan- That's a very good point. If you don't know at least the basics of Alchemical symbolism, it floats by unnoticed. But it's like a punch in the face when you do.

    Sub Specie- Interesting point. The Shemsu Hor were not native to Egypt, they were from Iran. So that may account for all of the red hair with the royals. Some shaved their heads to hide it.

    Jason- The Bond parallels are very apt, since that archetype is at the core of Bruce Willis' character. And very good point on the Lilith/Lily thing yet again.

    Strangey- I don't think Jung ever presented himself as a real Alchemist. But we are indebted to him for reintroducing the world to alchemical symbolism.

    Andae- Seven Sermons, yes- awesome stuff. Thanks for the links.

    Dennis- It is loony! But that fits in the spirit of its influences.

    Justie- You got a link on that?

    Jason II- Yeah- Goldfinger- excellent connection there. Thanks as always for the links.

  13. it wasnt the emergence it was the EVOlUTION. Even better! I couldn't find the link but it was on the cover of the usa today for april 21-24. In front of the place i work they have a dispenser.

  14. Chris and friends-
    It occurs to me just now, that the alchemical marriage is exactly what we witness in the closing scene of 1979's Star Trek The Motion Picture. The union between Decker and Ilea ( another feminine L name ) is the literal climax of the whole movie. In fact, I bet the whole film is really just constructed to take us to that point. Interesting!
    Question- I've been paying a bit closer attention lately to pop/rock singer Prince. I now think he presents himself as this perfected man- an ' Adam Kadmon' or perfect hermaphrodite. That's my conclusion. Would love to see what you think on that one.


  15. I haven't seen that in a while- I have to watch it again for sure.

  16. I initially began to write a comment regarding the Bond connection Jason brought up earlier. I realised I had too much info, so put together a blog on it: The Zen of Being Bond.

    If you are interested in practical mysticism and how it relates to the hero you might find it interesting.


  17. CK: "whereas The Matrix derives from Marvel Comics and manga"

    Grant Morrison has claimed they drew so strongly on The Invisibles that they had handed out copies of the trades on set.

    I think it is one of those works that an awful lot of people see their work reflected in.

  18. The following post was inspired by this post & commentary – Thanks!

    Seven Sermons post

  19. Thanks for that Chris.

    I f&*king love LeeLoo(77)
    Shes 33 until December '17'.
    1975 Chinese the sack;)

    What a special lady eh?


  20. Hey, imagine that I was writing about Moebius this morning over at The Sync Whole... I'm working on Hayoa Miyasaki, I think the influence by Moebius is obvious. I also have a shit load of back issues of Heavey Metal because it's the only place to find good Moebius him being one of my personal heroes... This is fantastic Mr Knowles, thank you.

  21. the supreme being is the female to be the key after the male (resonating yellow = control) face ego death (resonating in purple / the joker)and begin to truly love - blue and red (jing jang)joining.

    we seem to be having some external support (resonating red = 11) trying to wake us up. most of us in deep sleep, it's more and more getting violent and ugly. i think we will reach salvation to remember who we are and finally become one - beyond space and time (resonating black and white / checkerboard = duality)


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